The following MO diagram is appropriate for Li2 and Be2. Based on this diagram, Be2+ is more stable that Be2, and Be2 is more stable that Be2-. These sp 2 hybrid orbitals lie in a plane and are directed towards the corners of an equilateral triangle with a carbon atom in the centre. They will first fill the lower energy orbitals, and then they will fill the higher energy orbitals. Privacy Policy | , Hence li2+>li2-So finally Li2>li2+ >li2- 3 years ago Dear , Download Solved Question Papers Free for Offline Practice and view Solutions Online. acetylene: ethyne; the simplest alkyne, a hydrocarbon of formula HC≡CH; a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, formerly used as an illuminating gas but now used in welding and metallurgy Li2+ is more stable than Li2− because Li2− has more numbers of antibonding electrons. Careers | one less electron goes In pi1, reduces bond order, therefore stability of bindings. Also question is, is be2 2 paramagnetic or diamagnetic? And here you're confirming that Li2 is more stable than Li2+, corroborating with your previous statement. Which of the following diatomic molecular species has only π bonds according to Molecular Orbital Theory? The σ 1s bonding and antibonding orbitals will be full. Beryllium (4 Be) has 12 known isotopes, but only one of these isotopes (9 Be) is stable and a primordial nuclide.As such, beryllium is considered a monoisotopic element.It is also a mononuclidic element, because its other isotopes have such short half-lives that none are primordial and their abundance is very low (standard atomic weight is 9.0122). Bond Order=2(bonding electrons)−0(anti−bonding e−)2=1. The higher and more stable CE of E-Li 2 [email protected]/CF indicates that it allows much more uniform Li plating and achieves remarkable reversibility during cycling. These sp 2 hybrid orbitals lie in a plane and are directed towards the corners of an equilateral triangle with a carbon atom in the centre. Electrons will fill according to the energy levels of the orbitals. Because $\ce{Li2}$ is homonuclear, the weight that imposed on each $\mathrm{2s}$ $\ce{Li}$ atomic orbital would be almost the same. SaralStudy helps in prepare for NCERT CBSE solutions for Class 11th chemistry. O 2 + is more stable than O 2-.Because According to molecular orbital theory O 2 + has 15 electrons &it has one electron in antibonding orbital. Li2+ is more stable than Li2− because Li2− has more numbers of antibonding electrons. What am I missing now? According to J.D Lee, compounds with fraction bond number are unstable. Both Li2+ and Li2- have the same bond order but because Li2- has more electrons in its antibonding orbitals it will be less stable. The species in which the N atom is in a state of sp hybridization is: NO. Information about the thermodynamic stability of LiC 6 in the literature is ambiguous at present. The thermodynamic stability of LiC 6 and Li 2 C 2 is investigated by an approach combining differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and long-time annealing experiments. According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following is true with respect to Li2+ and Li-2 ? According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following will not be a viable molecule . (2)  Li2- is unstable and Li2-  is stable, (3)  Li2- is stable and Li2 - is unstable, Both Li2+ and Li2-  has 0.5 bond order and hence both are stable. Explanation: The first step in predicting the stability of a specie is knowing its molecular orbital configuration and bond order. One of our academic counsellors will contact you within 1 working day. 1 Approved Answer. Register Now. Bonds with an order of 3 are considered very strong. Molecular orbital theory (MO theory) provides an explanation of chemical bonding that accounts for the paramagnetism of the oxygen molecule. name, Please Enter the valid Similarly, in molecular orbital theory, σ orbitals are usually more stable than π orbitals. FAQ's | but then why Li2 is more stable than Li2+ But in your question you're saying the opposite, that Li2+ is more stable than Li2. subject. O 2 + is more stable than O 2-.Because According to molecular orbital theory O 2 + has 15 electrons &it has one electron in antibonding orbital. So Li2- is a more stable by molecular orbital study, but a negtive charge on a tiny molecule is not favorable at all. Both has 2.5 bond order but N2+ is more stable bcz n2– has more no of antibonding electrons so less stable.. Interpreting the index number is basic as well. explain Sep 12 2011 01:41 AM. Those with positive bonding order are considered stable molecule while those with negative bond order or zero bond order are unstable molecule. What Element is it? The main function of the fimbriae of the fallopian tube in females is to A Release ovum from the... What are the main postulates of kinetic molecular theory of gases? Be2 is stable and paramagnetic, but Li2 is unstable. The phenotypic ratio of trihybrid cross in F 2 -generation is? Stable isotopes can spontaneously undergo changes, transforming them into other isotopes of the same or of different elements. The MOs for the valence orbitals of the second period are shown in Figure 11. Previous Year Papers. A bond order of one indicates a stable bond, and a bond order of 2 indicates that a bond is not easily broken. According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following is true with respect to Li, According to MOT (Molecular Orbital Theory), the molecular orbitals are formed by mixing of atomic orbitals. Complete JEE Main/Advanced Course and Test Series. Answer. Key Terms. The species in which the N atom is in a state of sp hybridization is: NO. Rate Cl2 : O2 = 0.67. Similarly, is li2 stable or unstable? Register yourself for the free demo class from Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and is stored in mineral oil. Be2 is stable and paramagnetic, but Li2 is unstable. Dear askiitians. thus the order is Li 2 >Li 2 + >Li 2 - Lithium is a chemical element with atomic number 3 which means there are 3 protons and 3 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Lithium is Li. Naturally occurring lithium (3 Li) is composed of two stable isotopes, lithium-6 and lithium-7, with the latter being far more abundant: about 92.5 percent of the atoms.Both of the natural isotopes have an unexpectedly low nuclear binding energy per nucleon (~5.3 MeV) when compared with the adjacent lighter and heavier elements, helium (~7.1 MeV) and beryllium (~6.5 MeV). The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch ® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. The charge and discharge curves of the two collectors at 1st, 10th and 50th cycles with a current density of 1 mA cm −2 and a capacity of 1 mAh cm −2 are shown in Fig. Contact Us | Pay Now | The electronic configuration of carbon (Z = 6) in the excited state is. 3 d–f. I calculated that the bond order of L i X 2 X 2 + is 0.5 while that of L i X 2 is 1. Li2 stable and should exit. The thermodynamic stability of LiC 6 and Li 2 C 2 is investigated by an approach combining differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and long-time annealing experiments. Unstable isotopes do not. The molecule Li2 is a stable molecule in the gas phase, with a bond order of one. Hence li2+ contain 2 antibonding, li2- contains 3 antibonding. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. It also explains the bonding in a number of other molecules, such as violations of the octet rule and more molecules with more complicated bonding (beyond the scope of this text) that are difficult to describe with Lewis structures. 3- H 2 is the most stable because it has the highest bond order (1), in comparison with the bond orders (1/2) of H 2 + and H 2-. In this type of hybridization one- s and two P-orbitals of the valence shell of carbon atom take part in hybridization go give three new sp 2 hybrid orbitals. In the periodic table, there are 18 groups i.e. was last updated on 28th December 2020 Use Coupon: CART20 and get 20% off on all online Study Material, Complete Your Registration (Step 2 of 2 ), Learn to create a game using Turtle Python Library. molecular orbital diagram of O 2 + Electronic configuration of O 2 + In the case of O 2-17 electrons are present &3 electrons are present in antibonding orbitals. 6 regular electrons of neutral molecule taked place in sigma1, simga*1, and two seprated electrons in two Pi1 orbitals. A bond order of zero indicates that the bond is unstable. thus the order is Li 2 >Li 2 + >Li 2 - Li2 2- unstable and doesn't exist. Based on this diagram, both are stable and diamagnetic. Preparing for entrance exams? Here are seven signs to look out for if you think someone might be experiencing unstable emotions, according to experts. If number of electrons more in antibonding orbital the molecule become unstable. The order of a covalent bond is a guide to its strength; a bond between two given atoms becomes stronger as the bond order increases (Table 1). Below are a few examples of bonding and antibonding orbitals drawn out: The results of ac and dc conductivity measurements on Li 2 ZrO 3, Li 4 ZrO 4, and LiScO 2 show that these phases are Li ion conductors. Hannah Burton/Bustle. Molecular orbital theory (MO theory) provides an explanation of chemical bonding that accounts for the paramagnetism of the oxygen molecule. Stable bonds have a positive bond order. Use the following MO diagram for Be2, Be2+, and Be2-. Hence Li2+ must be unstable than Li2. Li2+ is more stable than Li2− because Li2− has more numbers of antibonding electrons. Download Free solutions of NCERT chemistry Class 11th from SaralStudy. The electronic configuration of carbon (Z = 6) in the excited state is. sp 2 hybridisation. SaralStudy helps in prepare for NCERT CBSE solutions for Class 11th chemistry. In this type of hybridization one- s and two P-orbitals of the valence shell of carbon atom take part in hybridization go give three new sp 2 hybrid orbitals. Use molecular orbital theory to predict whether or not each of the following molecules or ions should exist in a relatively stable form. Explanation: The first step in predicting the stability of a specie is knowing its molecular orbital configuration and bond order. If the Specie has a bond order of one or more, it is expected to exist in a stable form. Even though $\ce{Li2-}$ is unstable by filling an antibonding orbital, it will be offset by filling two electrons into the bonding orbital and it has the same bond order as $\ce{Li2+}$ does. According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following is true with respect to Li2+ and Li-2 ? According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following will not be a viable molecule? For example, to give you a glimpse at where we are headed, the following are orbital diagrams for … Based on this diagram, Li2 is stable and diamagnetic, but Be2 is unstable. According to molecular orbital theory, H2+ has an unpaired electron in the bonding orbital. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element. Terms & Conditions | Diatomic Species by Molecular Orbital Theory. molecular orbital diagram of O 2 + Electronic configuration of O 2 + In the case of O 2-17 electrons are present &3 electrons are present in antibonding orbitals. Hence, L i X 2 X 2 + must be less stable than L i X 2 due to half bond character. Solved: Please explain Why is Ne2 is not a stable molecule? According to molecular orbital theory, which of the following is true with respect to Li2^+ and Li2^- ? li2 is stable but be2 is not stable . Use Z<8 to draw the MO diagram for Li2, you should get the same answer and bond order. 1 3 protons and three nuetrons. The following MO diagram is appropriate for Li2 and Be2. Be2 is stable and diamagnetic, but Li2 is unstable. – will exist, explain many properties – for example why O 2 is a paramagnetic diradical – and identify the important frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs). Noble Gas. School Tie-up | 4- Theoretically it would not be possible to form a molecule from two hydrides because the anti-bonding and bonding orbitals would cancel each other out. Points, 11 Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Stability of the species Li2, Li2^- and Li2^+ increases in the order: The lone electron in H2+ is known as a free radical. It also explains the bonding in a number of other molecules, such as violations of the octet rule and more molecules with more complicated bonding (beyond the scope of this text) that are difficult to describe with Lewis structures. According to Molecular orbital theory which of the following is correct. In He2 (dihelium), the two 1s atomic orbitals overlap to create two molecular orbitals: sigma(1s) and sigma(1s)*. Question: Use The Following MO Diagram For Be2, Be2+, And Be2-.AnswerBe2- Is More Stable Than Be2, And Be2 Is More Stable Than Be2+.Be2 Is More Stable Than Either Be2+ Or Be2-.Be2+ Is More Stable Than Be2, And Be2 Is More Stable Than Be2-.Be2+ And Be2- Are Both More Stable Than Be2. A 1.37 L vessel contains He at a temperature of 24.5°C and a pressure of 205 mmHg. As we saw in valence bond theory, σ bonds are generally more stable than π bonds formed from degenerate atomic orbitals. Reduces bond order of 3 are considered stable molecule while those with negative bond order zero... Are generally more stable than Be2+ carbon ( Z = 6 ) in the sigma 2s orbital... Li2- is a higher energy orbitals, and two seprated electrons in two Pi1.! Mo ) diagram for Li2 and Be2 download Solved question Papers Free for Offline Practice view... 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Order of 3 are considered very strong Sarthaks eConnect: a unique platform where students can interact teachers/experts/students... Li2 stable and diamagnetic, but Be2 is stable and diamagnetic of electron 0. Question, you must construct a molecular orbital theory, σ bonds are generally more stable than.. Is known as a Free radical species in which the N atom is it stable or?! Did to get the bond order are considered very strong in antibonding orbital the molecule become unstable H2+ has unpaired! Can exist for less than a second ; others can exist for billions of years but still be than. That a bond order of trihybrid cross in F 2 -generation is too unstable and it. Li2 is stable and diamagnetic paramagnetic, but Li2 is 1 while li2- and li2+ is more stable than orbitals! Less stable than Li2− because Li2− has more numbers of antibonding electrons 3 are considered molecule. Can exist for less than a second ; others can exist for less than a ;! 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